Science education is focused on the transmission of knowledge about the natural world, processes that develop that knowledge, and epistemology of scientific knowing. It is multidisciplinary and includes the disciplines traditionally considered science (e.g., biology and physics) and some areas not traditionally thought of as science (e.g., technology and engineering). Science education is part of all public schooling in grades K-12, as well as some preschools. It also takes place in locations outside of school; such as museums, zoos, and outdoor facilities. The curriculum for science education has changed over time. These changes are in response to new standards that influence the curricula and pedagogies.

Science education in the United States is influenced by global educational developments and influences global curricula. Researchers around the world share results of best practices and ideas about what should be taught at various grade levels. There is a robust history of science education curricula reform, many influences on science education curricula in the twenty-first century, and recommendations to be made for ways to influence curricula in the future.