This article provides an overview of the life of the early Christian theologian and biblical scholar, Jerome, and a summary of the medieval scholars he influenced. Jerome is one of the most important Latin Christian authors of the Patristic period. His major accomplishment was the translation of the Bible from Hebrew and Greek into the Latin version called the Vulgate, the Latin Bible that remained the standard for Western Christians until the rise of Protestant vernacular theology in the early modern period. Jerome also made an impression on the monastic tradition by writing on the ideal of virginity, especially for consecrated women.