This chapter deals with the electoral system and the legislature. It first analyses the institutional framework of the national electoral commission, Elections Cameroon (ELECAM) and other election management institutions in Cameroon. It finds that their structure and modus operandi obviate against free and fair elections. Against that background, the chapter examines the legislature discussing the election process, the structure, powers and functions of the National Assembly and the Senate. It finds that both institutions are severely weakened by internal processes and executive influence, making the legislature a feeble and ineffective institution to exercise meaningful oversight of the executive. This chapter also examines the contribution of bicameralism to the democratisation process. It concludes that the Senate has not added much value to the democratic advancement of the country.