ABSTRACT

Cholera is a Gram-negative bacterial infection caused by Vibrio cholerae 01 and V. cholerea 0139. Incubation period is from less than one day to five days and causes an acute intestinal infection, profuse watery diarrhoea and vomiting. Symptoms include profuse, painless, severe watery diarrhoea, and sometimes vomiting, leading to severe dehydration and loss of electrolytes (WHO, 2017; Bisanzo et al., 2016). It is spread from person to person via the faecal-oral route, or by infected food or water (Shears, 2014; Mandal et al., 2004). It can be spread quickly by poor hand hygiene and infection control practices (Mandal et al., 2004).