The host country of the rural health project, Projet Santé Rivale (PSR), reviewed in this book is a landlocked nation of the West African Sahel, 1 covering 1.24 million square kilometers the northern half of which forms part of the Sahara desert. Falling under French rule at the end of the 19th century, Mali was known as the French Sudan before gaining independence in 1960 simultaneously with France’s other West African colonies. The following four pages present maps of the Republic of Mali, Mopti Region, Koro district (cercle), and Toroli arrondissement, respectively. 2