Introduction Greater Jakarta, the capital of Indonesia with a population of 20 million people, is a city of extremes (Sri Probo Sudarmo, 1997:231). The city reveals a stark contrast between the individualistic, international, consumer culture and the indigenous, communal, kampung culture. The two cultures stand side by side as if in competition, the consumer culture coming to the fore during the economic boom and the kampung culture becoming more dominant during times of economic stagnation and crisis.