Introduction India contains 16 percent of the world’s population with 2 percent of the total land mass. There is, therefore, tremendous competition for the use of land. Urban areas and human habitation occupy 6 percent of this land and, due to the growing population, this percentage will increase. Therefore a trade-off between urban and non-urban land uses is inevitable. This severe competition for land is also causing environmental degradation and deterioration in the quality of life.