ABSTRACT

Adequate nutrition during the early years of life is of paramount importance for growth, development, and long-term health through adulthood. It is during infancy and early childhood that irreversible faltering in linear growth and cognitive deficits occur [1,2]. Poor nutrition during this critical period contributes to significant morbidity and mortality [3]. Similarly, the increasing prevalence of childhood obesity worldwide is associated with an increased risk of unfavorable health outcomes later in life and decreased longevity [4]. Apart from contributing positively to child survival, the quality of infant and young child feeding is fundamental to achieving optimal growth and development.