As a result of the frequently stated lack of coordination and efficacy in global environmental policy, calls for comprehensive reconfiguration of the international institutional and organizational structure have become increasingly strident in recent years. This debate received a new impetus from the proposal of the heads of government of Brazil, Germany, Singapore and South Africa in 1997 to establish an international environmental organization to be developed as a UN entity from UNEP. In 2000, France’s Prime Minister Lionel Jospin and Environment Minister Dominique Voynet also spoke out in favour of such a proposal. The 1st international forum of environment ministers in Malmö reiterated the need for organizational reform.