Shortly before the World Summit on Sustainable Develepment the Council submits its proposals for restructuring the institutional architecture of global environmental policy. These proposals concentrate on concrete action. The analysis of the most urgent global environmental problems has shown that, despite the great number of some 900 bi-or multilateral environmental agreements, a considerable need for action remains (Chapter B). At the heart of the recommendations is the structural vision of the Council for global environmental policy, taking the shape of an Earth Alliance.This does not appear feasible over the short term; nonetheless, it is recommended to use this structural vision over the long term as a guiding model for the reform of global environmental policy. First steps towards this vision should be taken and subjected to continuous review of their efficiency and effectiveness.