In this chapter, the Council concentrates upon the role of scientific policy advice in the assessment of global environmental changes, proposing, in particular, the establishment of an independent body that is capable of drawing the attention of the international community to particularly risk-laden developments. This discussion includes the Commission on Sustainable Development (CSD). In addition, the Council proposes the establishment of independent scientific panels modelled on the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). In its previous reports, the Council has already provided an in-depth discussion of the role of international science and has examined global monitoring and early warning systems (WBGU, 1997, 2000a).