The field of CWR in situ conservation, like other areas in biodiversity conservation, is susceptible to limited collaboration and subsequent, ineffective planning and implementation. Some reasons for this have already been highlighted and discussed in Chapters 1 and 3, and are also mentioned elsewhere in this manual. Having to operate in a time-bound project context constitutes one major challenge, while the lack of a traditional culture of collaboration between the agriculture, forestry and conservation sectors represents another. Addressing this existing disconnect and bridging such gaps is surely one of the foremost challenges limiting the success of CWR in situ conservation. This part aims to provide the reader with information and guidance for consideration when planning partnerships or collaborations to ensure the effective coordination and implementation of the CWR in situ conservation planning process and to highlight why such collaborations are important.