This chapter deals with the many constraints upon broader collaboration in rural development and the information needed to remove them (‘Constraints and opportunities for collaboration’, page 134); the different valuation of natural resources by the various stakeholders (‘Valuing resources’, page 146); and, finally, the institutional framework needed for participatory planning and management (‘Institutional support for rural planning’, page 156). There are not many examples of planning practice that have been able to bring people together to find common ground. Nevertheless, the last few years provide us with examples of attempts to manage conflict more effectively. Review and analysis of the ideas that underpin the more successful approaches provide indications of a way forward.