The UN Millennium Project Task Force on HIV/AIDS, Malaria, TB, and

Access to Essential Medicines aimed to devise a framework to accelerate the

implementation of strategies for achieving Millennium Development Goal 6 to

combat HIV/AIDS, malaria, and other diseases, with specific health improve-

ments to be attained during the period 2005-15. Within this task force, the

Working Group on Malaria has sought to develop an operational framework

for relieving the burden that malaria imposes on society.1 Although this objec-

tive applies throughout the world’s tropics, the need is particularly urgent in

tropical Africa. The aim is to improve human well-being immediately while

ultimately promoting economic growth.