In an environment of great natural beauty at Lindås, Sweden, 20 km south of Göteborg, the cityowned company Egnahemsbolaget built 20 terrace houses. The goal was to demonstrate that it is possible to build houses at normal costs with such a low heating demand that even in a Scandinavian climate no conventional heating system is required. The terrace houses were designed by EFEM Arkitektkontor as the result of a research project in cooperation with Chalmers University of

Figure 2.1.1 Twenty terrace houses in four rows; solar collectors on the roof

Technology, Energy and Building Design at Lund University, the Swedish National Testing and Research Institute and the Swedish Research Council for Environment, Agricultural Sciences and Spatial Planning (Formas).