Under article VI of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT), a mem-

ber country of the World Trade Organization (WTO) can unilaterally impose anti-

dumping duties to protect its domestic industry from imports of ‘dumped’ goods

and offset material injury caused by such imports. Anti-dumping practices, par-

ticularly anti-dumping duties, are thus targeted at firms, not governments (unlike

countervailing duties), and are therefore not required to be imposed on a most-

favoured-nation basis (unlike safeguard measures). These two characteristics make

anti-dumping the politically least difficult measure to apply of the trade remedies

available to WTO members.