In this chapter we explore a number of critical issues raised by the experience of the referral order pilots. We begin by considering some of the central dynamics within the referral order model and their potential implications, notably with regard to the distribution of responsibilities that the model entails and the involvement of lay members of the public within the panel process. We then go on to examine some of the broader policy tensions and ambiguities that find expression within the implementation of referral orders and youth offender panels and the manner in which they are likely to influence the future shape of developments. In so doing, we consider the integration of victim-sensitive restorative approaches to criminal justice. We conclude with some observations on the implications of our research findings for evaluation research and criminological analysis of youth justice reforms, as well as the significance of referral orders for restorative justice.