In the communication discipline, research on organizations and families rarely intersect.

interrelationships suggests a potentially fruitful arena for integration. Within the larger

context of the social sciences and organiza-tional studies, the literature on work-life

interrelationships can be broadly divided into studies that focus on the workplace and its

response to workers with families and studies that focus primarily on the family and the

effects of work on the family. Thus, although scholars acknowledge interaction effects

between private life and the world of work, the primary emphasis remains “short-and

Correspondence: Annis G.Golden, Dept. of Communication, University at Albany, State

University of New York, Albany, NY 12222; email: agolden@albany.edu

Communication Yearbook 30, pp. 143-195

long-term consequences of work [italics added] for the quality of family life and the development of family members” (Perry-Jenkins, Repetti, & Crouter, 2000, p. 981). The

primacy of work in the work-life relationship is reflected throughout the evolution of

work-life research over the past three decades, which, according to Gilbert (1993), has

evolved from an early emphasis on individual role conflict created by women’s entry into

the workforce, to resolution of inequities in domestic responsibilities for dual-earner

couples (created by women’s work roles), to the function of workplace practices and

policies in the management of work-life conflict.