Students, like teachers, are a motley assortment of individuals who differ from each other in many important ways-age, ability, health status, interests, ambition, personal appearance, social skills, home environment, cultural traditions, academic success, and more. Because students are such a diverse breed, they respond to high-stakes testing in diverse ways. Many of them study diligently and thus pass the tests without suffering ill effects. Others adopt special means for coping with highstakes testing in their attempt to avoid unwanted consequences. This chapter focuses on such coping methods and on problems that may remain after those methods have been tried.