Our work here has made it abundantly clear that organizational form is deeply embedded in culture and that, in particular, the hierarchical bureaucratic organizational form so common for contemporary corporations and institutions is deeply embedded in European-based culture-with its attendant rules and resources (as represented in this volume by Table 1.1). This basic fact of the constitution of social life can no longer be ignored as our attention as a field turns to the relationship between culture and organization. Contemporary treatments of diversity focus almost exclusively on organizational member demographics as markers of cultural diversity (see chap. 1), but a full understanding of the interplay between culture and organization cannot be had without diversity being a core value that dictates unearthing the cultural foundations of organizational form(s).