In an earlier day in our history, everyone in a community assumed responsibility for the induction of the children into the culture. A young Native American born into an Apache tribe in the 1600s was taught by his mother, his father, the elders of the tribe, and the older boys. Likewise, a girl growing up in a close-knit small town in the 1950s would probably have relatives living nearby, and be known by most of the people on her block, most of the teachers in her school, the minister and other officials of her church, and other members of the community. Not only would all of these people know her, they would all assume responsibility for her safety and would play an active role in her enculturation. In both examples, all of the members of the community felt responsible for the education of the total child.