ABSTRACT

The previously described statistical model addresses static characteristics of children, parents, and services associated with disruption. No one ever involved with an adoption disruption would call it static. Disruptions occur in time—sometimes a very short time and sometimes over years. A model of disruption is not complete without a discussion of the process by which decisions and practices beginning with recruitment finally result in disruption. Partridge, Hornby, and McDonald (1986) inspired this endeavor with their inaugural efforts to describe the stages of disruption. These stages focused on the experience within the family from a time of diminishing pleasures with the adoption through to the decision to disrupt. While saluting their work, our results convince us that disruptions begin well before the period of diminishing pleasures, last until after the removal of the child, and involve the agency as much as the family.