At the end of the nineteenth century, a few years after Kaweah was dissolved and simultaneously with the establishment of Ruskin, Tennessee, a new center of communitarian activity crystallized in the northwestern part of Washington State. This area was just beginning to be settled and in a short period dozens of differently motivated communitarian settlements sprang up. Three of them were inspired by socialist ideas, one by anarchists and two by esoteric religious trends (Mormons and the Church of Progressive Brethern).