In the past two decades, there has been a significant rediscovery of the covenantal basis of Judaism in most if not all contemporary Jewish intellectual circles and the literature dealing with covenant and its implications has grown accordingly. 1 The thrust of this literature has been theological in character and not improperly so. Yet, as we have seen, covenant is as much a political as a theological phenomenon in its original biblical form. So it continues to be in the Jewish political tradition.