Indian country (also called tribal lands or tribal areas) includes the various areas that represent centers of Native American (or American Indian) tribal culture and settlement. 1 This study explores the history and the population, land, economic, and housing characteristics of Indian country in order to better understand and analyze the constraints to housing and economic development there and to consider strategies to address those constraints. The study identifies, uses, and evaluates data sources germane to the study of housing and economic development in tribal lands.