Most, if not all, children in foster care have been victims of violence. Violence might have been physical, sexual, emotional, or systemic. This is most often at the hands of birth parents or those associated with them. The literature on child maltreatment and abuse is extensive and is beyond dispute. We will not repeat the findings here. (See, e.g., foundational work by Finkelhor 1979, 1986; Finkelhor et al. 1983; Gerbner et al. 1980; Briere 1992.)