The imperial expansion that followed the loss of America saw the emergence of many new forms of colonisation around the globe. Britain was in constant competition for territory and supremacy with its European rivals and was hungry to acquire land. In Australia and New Zealand, among the major new areas of settlement on which Britain concentrated its energies, the dispossession of indigenous peoples quickly followed British conquest. The convicts who were the earliest British inhabitants of Australia were soon swamped by free settlers as emigration became more popular in the nineteenth century. In South Africa, it was the early Dutch settlers who most resented British incursions. Although many of these colonies experienced a shaky start, the influx of new migrants and the abundance of land taken from indigenous populations saw their growth and success in the long run assured.