This chapter discusses some of the ways in which the judicial system may deal with offenders. Imprisonment is the most obvious way offenders are punished and the chapter starts with an examination of the purposes of imprisonment, its impact on the individual and its effect on reoffending. There is then a discussion of some of the main alternatives to imprisonment including fines, probation, community punishments and restorative justice. Psychological interventions for offending, which may be offered alongside judicial punishments, are discussed in Chapter 10.