Kai has been convicted of a violent assault. He was standing in the queue at a fast food outlet having spent the evening drinking with friends. Kai claims that another customer ‘jumped the queue’ in order to get served before him and insulted him when challenged. Kai punched and kicked the victim repeatedly, leaving him with significant injuries. Kai has several previous convictions for violent behaviour and has been known to the authorities for a long time. As a child, he was put under child protection because of parental neglect related to drug dependency and his violent father, who himself had several convictions for violence and theft. Kai’s guilt is not in doubt, but the judge has asked for reports before passing sentence.