On September 17, 1944, a week after seizing power through a military coup, the Fatherland Front government announced its governing platform, which included a series of economic initiatives. Their primary focus was to increase state intervention in and control over production, trade and finances, under the pretext of securing all basic necessities for the population. However, the government’s declaration did not mention the main factors determining the immediate tasks and goals of the economy – namely, the drive to materially and financially secure Bulgaria’s participation in active military operations and to maintain Soviet troops in the country. These two circumstances had a fundamental effect on the development of the economic situation in Bulgaria over the next three years.