ABSTRACT

The previous chapter examined the beginnings and spread of the riot grrrl network focusing on activities in the US and the UK. It identified that the realisation of this initiative took several forms. Female audience members began by challenging the traditional division of the gig environment into gendered spaces, where women were largely absent from the front-of-stage area. Other grrrls formed bands, wrote zines, arranged meetings and organised events to introduce girls to music making. Activities were not only music related but concerned themselves with a broad range of issues tackling sexual discrimination. This chapter discusses how riot grrrl developed during the 1990s through extensive (print and electronic) zine networks and dedicated 'grrrl' websites. In particular it considers how zines and the internet have offered a space for girls to discuss issues concerning music, gender and sexuality. Although riot grrrl has spread to other countries, the study chiefly concerns itself with activities, publications and websites produced in the UK and US. Consideration will be given to how print and e-zines described and promoted ideas about riot grrrl, and to what extent thev shaped the 'movement' itself.