The theory of action outlined in the previous chapter provides the foundation for Hans J. Vermeer’s general theory of translation, which he calls Skopostheorie. In addition to the works mentioned earlier (Vermeer [1978]1983, 1983a, 1986a), the theory is explained in detail in the book co-authored by Vermeer and Reiss in [1984]2013. The first part of this book presents Vermeer’s general or ‘basic theory’ (7–109), which is then made compatible with various translation traditions in the ‘specific theories’ part written by Reiss (113–195). There is nevertheless a certain discrepancy between the two parts of the book, largely due to the fact that Reiss tried to adjust her text-bound approach, originally based on equivalence theory, to Vermeer’s action-oriented approach.