This is the first of the two chapters which comprise Part III of the book examining two distinctive ways in which Charles understood the relationship between resignation and sanctification which emerge from the analysis of his texts. In this chapter resignation as an attitude within the believer of the nature of being sanctified is discussed. The habituated affections formed in the heart; the attitude of body, soul, spirit, heart, and mind; the disposition of the emotions as well as attitude of mind, are all at the heart of this perspective for Charles. This chapter addresses three areas: resignation as an enduring disposition of the heart, including the importance of habituating and embodying the affections; resignation as a primary disposition of the heart, including characteristic tempers of resignation and four strands of affections evident in Charles’ texts; and finally three distinctive means to the attainment of resignation: grace, suffering, and detachment.