ABSTRACT

The reader expecting to discover in this chapter which city has most successfully responded to labour immigration (and how) is in for a disappointment. Alas, there are no set formulas for 'managing labour migrant settlement'. Instead, the previous chapters have shown that each city dealt with this phenomenon in its own way, and that the local policy response to this phenomenon is thoroughly embedded in the particular as well as the national context of each city. The findings from the four case studies and the preceding survey present a very complex picture. Local policies toward migrants involve different policy domains, they change over time, and may or may not be accompanied by organizational changes in the municipality. City Hall's strategy in dealing with ethnic minorities may be openly espoused or hidden behind more general policies (e.g. 'urban renewal'). Local authorities may choose to ignore migrant needs, provide them with specific services, or leave the responsibility to civic organizations; they may ignore, support or restrict ethnic-based mobilization, encourage or discourage manifestations of cultural and religious Otherness; relate to 'ethnic neighborhoods' as a threat or an opportunity, etc.