The HEU agreement was not simply a commercial venture, nor was it merely a way to support the fragile Russian economy with American capital. Although the commercial and trade sides of uranium conversion were important reasons alone to implement the HEU deal, they were in fact part of a larger strategic motivation in U.S. foreign policy – particularly American national security interests and the reduction of international proliferation concerns. 1 Economic issues to the side, and at its most basic political level, the HEU agreement was a ideal opportunity for Clinton to embark on the principles he had laid out for America’s Russia policy after the Cold War. Furthermore, the fact that the contract had been carried out throughout Clinton’s two terms and under George W. Bush too shows its permanence. As Chapter Five showed, several major hurdles appeared, even after the contract had been initiated. Many were serious enough to scuttle the deal. But the principle behind the HEU Agreement – the overbearing significance of nuclear security and continued peace between the former superpowers – still prevails.