ABSTRACT

For democracy promotion in Russia to be effective the Clinton administration required more than simply rhetoric. The high policy of democracy promotion had to be supported by effective implementation of policy decisions at the micro level. In this chapter I consider how the policy of democracy assistance was actually implemented in practice, before examining the assistance programmes provided by the key agencies. An implementation framework analysis is then utilised to discover the impact of bureaucracy on policy delivery. The extent of any interdepartmental rivalries, lack of coordination, and organizational difficulties are explored to discover whether or not the differences in policy objectives and policy outcomes were due to the foreign policy process itself.