International terrorism is not a new phenomenon. Indeed, the origin of the word terrorism dates back to the French Revolution of 1788 as the label used by the establishment to describe the conduct of revolutionaries. 1 Likewise, terrorism has been a subject of concern with the United Nations since the 1960s, following a series of aircraft hijackings. 2 Notwithstanding the long-held attention of the international community upon terrorism, the subject deserves special attention within this book for several reasons. Terrorism has, some would argue, entered a new phase since September 11, 2001: an age where trans-national activity has intensified and been made easier, and where technology and the media can be taken advantage of by terrorist entities to further the impact of terrorist conduct and the delivery of messages or fear-inducing images. 3