The cost of underdevelopment is high. Other than the pain and misery of deprivation juxtaposed against global wealth, there is the hopelessness and perplexity of the perpetual decline that faces regions like sub-Saharan Africa. This despair is spinning-off new trouble-spots that threaten to afflict it into the new millennium, including Liberia and Sierra Leone in West Africa and the Horn and Great Lakes region in East and Central Africa. Such trouble-spots could multiply unless hope can be reclaimed. They are the result of economic decline speeded up by the disappearance of the Cold War dividend that succoured these uneconomic entities and inept systems of government. 1