After contextualising the main themes of this volume in the chaotic twenty-first century, this concluding chapter summarises the findings of each of the previous chapters. In doing so, the aims, questions and controversies raised at the outset of this book resurface, however, in a deeper, different light. For those interested in further theorising in the role sports diplomacy plays, or ought to play, in international relations a number of research gaps are then suggested, alongside a several practical recommendations for policymakers and sports practitioners.