ABSTRACT

Before proceeding to discuss Darwin and the evolutionists, it is necessary to clear the ground by reflecting a little on the origin of things. There are only two hypotheses open as to the origin of matter and of life. One is that all matter and all life, at some infinitely remote period of time, were brought into existence out of nothing, by the fiat of an Omnipotent Creator. The other is, that all matter, and all life, have existed from all eternity, and that they will exist to all eternity, and that both alike are indestructible. That their quantity can never be increased, and can never be diminished. I believe I am right in saying, that this latter hypothesis, is the one that the majority of scientific men of the present day are really inclined to, however much for appearances’ sake they may endeavour to conceal it. It was certainly the undisguised opinion of Tyndall, and Huxley, if not of Darwin himself. Though Darwin, as far as I am aware of, never quite commits himself to so bald a statement of the case But as regards this latter theory there is a qualifying factor, which must never be lost sight of; that man is tethered to his own 21intellect, and that beyond that he cannot go, and the true value of his own intellect he is quite incapable of appraising. Relatively as regards his surroundings his estimate of it may be true, but as regards absolute and eternal things, such as “time” and “space,” he may be wrong about them altogether. All knowledge is purely relative to the medium of the organism through which it passes, whether that medium be the brain of man, or the brain of a lower organism. Of course that argument tells equally against creative power; but at least we can cry “quits” and are even with the materialists.