This chapter is concerned with relationships between parenting and anti-social behaviour, and with the criminal justice and social policy interventions that have been introduced by the state in an attempt to manage those relationships. The chapter locates these issues in an historically enduring concern with poor working-class families and within more recent manifestations of those concerns in the particular brand of communitarianism – what is described as ‘Anglicanised communitarianism’ – that structures the thought of New Labour and that emphasises the moral agency of individuals no matter what their material circumstances are like.