In 1941, the army entered into the administration of a Protectorate which remained essentially a tabula rasa, almost unchanged from what had existed in 1920. Lack of development, as we have seen, followed from deliberate policy: the Protectorate was to be ‘stagnated’. Resources locally raised were insuffi cient to fund anything but the most modest development while imperial interest was insuffi cient to justify expenditure. The period of military administration represented a very signifi cant departure for the Protectorate in that for the fi rst time efforts were made to produce a Government that was something more than a simple, skeleton administration directed mainly to the provision of law and order. The highlights of this development policy will be indicated in this chapter.