This chapter explores the development of scientific management of forests as it relates to the evolution of Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD). Forest regulation in developed countries centers on the use of scientific management. The first comprehensive attempt to address climate change and GHG emissions was the Kyoto Protocol, but it did not see the role that forests could play in such efforts. Whereas the Noordwijk Declaration recognized the harm caused by GHG emissions and called for more research, the Kyoto Protocol was more about taking action as a result of the earlier research findings. All entities involved in REDD are encouraged to actively work toward decreasing the drivers of deforestation. REDD Plus differs from REDD because it has the added components of conservation, sustainable forest management, and forest carbon stock enhancement. The Global Environment Facility (GEF) is focused on global environmental issues. The World Bank also supported the establishment of tree plantations.