Canonists from G ratian’s generation onward came increasingly under the influence not only of scholastic methodology, which they helped to create, but also of some of the abstract philosophical speculations that dom inated the intellectual interests of contemporary teachers of the liberal arts. Given the intellectual climate that prevailed during the late twelfth and thirteenth centuries, it is scarcely surprising that canonists of that age showed keen interest in analysing the relationship between law, justice, and equity.