The Mongol protectorate of Asia Minor, followed by direct rule, stimulated fairly profound changes alike in the landed and fiscal systems. Too many investigators have imprudently confused the issue by considering the institutions of the Mongol period and those of the time of Seljukid independence as being one and the same. The development which actually occurred was due partly to the internal conditions of the administration in Asia Minor, and partly to the introduction of Iranian Mongol practices from the Ilkhanate. These practices in their turn were introduced at first simply because of the presence of Mongol agents in Asia Minor, later and more systematically to set right the marked decline in the administration of the country by means of a tendency towards the unification of institutions in all parts of the Ilkhanid empire.