Asia Minor, new Turkish names came into use, especially for small and middle-sized towns, although unfortunately there is not always evidence of the circumstances of the change. In some cases it was not accompanied by any interruption of settlement; in other cases this may have occurred, e.g. between Byzantine Archelaus and Turkish Aksaray. In yet other cases a neighbouring site may have taken the place of the old one; thus Denizli (spelt Tunguzlu) grew up in place of Laodicea ad Lycum (Ladik), and strangely Eski§ehir (meaning ‘Old Town’) arose three kilometres south of the ruins of Dorylaeum, likewise also Bey§ehir in the place of Karalea. It does not seem that there were any true foundations of towns in districts where there had been none previously, but there might be re-foundations, e.g. Aksaray, or official renaming, e.g. Alaya for Kalonoros in honour of ‘Ala’ al-Dln Kay Qubadh. Finally, of course, a town might not have the same relative importance as previously.