EVEN with the aid of its permanent Council the people could only secure the execution of its orders by delegating a portion of its sovereignty to certain magistrates. It was thus led to distinguish among the public offices magistracies properly so called, of a governmental or political nature (apxai), and purely administrative functions (€7T'tjL€A€lat,), without counting the minor offices (U7T1Jp€utat,) which might be given to metics and slaves as well as to citizens.