This article takes up two major themes which were discussed in the conference on 'Everyday forms of peasant resistance in South-east Asia' and further elaborated upon in the article by James Scott in this volume. The first is balancing the 'inordinate attention to large-scale peasant insurrection' with an examination of the role of everyday forms of peasant resistance in transforming social reality; the second is an examination of the relationship between the peasantry and the state in the post-revolutionary, post-colonial context.