This chapter selects a number of themes on food and health. All are examples of issues live at the time of writing and they show how we, the consumers, have become aware of the risks implicit in what we eat. Fischler (1980) has articulated this in what he calls the ‘omnivore’s paradox’ (see also Chapter 21). Humans can produce and consume a very wide variety of foodstuffs. An even greater range is available now in the modern era because of the technological advances made by the food processing industry. Yet we are becoming increasingly anxious about the food we eat at the very moment that the choice is seemingly unlimited.