I N the last chapter we started, and in the present chapter we continue, to examine the intellectual consequences of the difficulties we meet when we try to reconcile the fact that different statements are correct

for different purposes with the assumption that this is not so. In the last chapter we saw how these difficulties affect our method of applying the traditionally accepted rules of reasoning, and how in consequence we find ourselves faced with the extra difficulty of reconciling the fact that our strict speaking is not strict with the assumption that it is. In the present chapter we shall see how the same difficulties affect our usage of words like ‘really* and ‘merely* and how in turn this affects our methods of argument.